Governing Bodies

Regional Power Committee

  • To undertake Regional Level operation analysis for improving grid performance.
  • To facilitate inter-state/inter-regional transfer of power.
  • To facilitate all functions of planning relating to inter-state/ intra-state transmission system with CTU/STU.
  • To coordinate planning of maintenance of generating machines of various generating companies of the region including those of inter-state generating companies supplying electricity to the Region on annual basis and also to undertake review of maintenance programme on monthly basis.
  • To undertake planning of outage of transmission system on monthly basis.
  • To undertake operational planning studies including protection studies for stable operation of the grid.
  • To undertake planning for maintaining proper voltages through review of reactive compensation requirement through system study committee and monitoring of installed capacitors.
  • To evolve consensus on all issues relating to economy and efficiency in the operation of power system in the region.

Source: NRPC

Central Electricity Regulatory Commission

Mandatory Functions

  • To regulate the tariff of generating companies owned or controlled by the Central Government;.
  • To regulate the tariff of generating companies other than those owned or controlled by the Central Government specified in clause (a), if such generating companies enter into or otherwise have a composite scheme for generation and sale of electricity in more than one State;
  • To regulate the inter-State transmission of electricity ;
  • To determine tariff for inter-State transmission of electricity;
  • To issue licences to persons to function as transmission licensee and electricity trader with respect to their inter-State operations;
  • Improve access to information for all stakeholders.
  • To adjudicate upon disputes involving generating companies or transmission licensee in regard to matters connected with clauses (a) to (d) above and to refer any dispute for arbitration;
  • To levy fees for the purposes of the Act;
  • To specify Grid Code having regard to Grid Standards;
  • To specify and enforce the standards with respect to quality, continuity and reliability of service by licensees;
  • To fix the trading margin in the inter-State trading of electricity, if considered, necessary;
  • To discharge such other functions as may be assigned under the Act.

Advisory Functions

  • Formulation of National Electricity Policy and Tariff Policy
  • Promotion of competition, efficiency and economy in the activities of the electricity industry
  • Promotion of investment in electricity industry
  • Any other matter referred to the Central Commission by the Central Government.

Central Transmission Utility

  • To undertake transmission of electricity through inter-State transmission system
  • To discharge all functions of planning and co-ordination relating to inter-state transmission system with -
  • State Transmission Utilities;
  • Central Government;
  • State Governments;
  • Generating companies;
  • Regional Power Committees;
  • Authority;
  • Licensees;
  • Any other person notified by the Central Government in this behalf;
  • To ensure development of an efficient, co-ordinated and economical system of inter-State transmission lines for smooth flow of electricity from generating stations to the load centres;
  • To provide non-discriminatory open access to its transmission system for use by
  • Any licensee or generating company on payment of the transmission charges or any consumer as and when such open access is provided by the State Commission under sub-section (2) of section 42, on payment of the transmission charges and a surcharge thereon, as may be specified by the Central Commission.
  • Provided that such surcharge shall be utilised for the purpose of meeting the requirement of current level cross-subsidy.
  • Provided further that such surcharge and cross subsidies shall be progressively reduced and eliminated in the manner as may be specified by the Central Commission.
  • Provided also that such surcharge may be levied till such time the cross subsidies are not eliminated.
  • Provided also that the manner of payment and utilisation of the surcharge shall be specified by the Central Commission.
  • Provided also that such surcharge shall not be leviable in case open access is provided to a person who has established a captive generating plant for carrying the electricity to the destination of his own use.

National Load Despatch Centre

  • Supervision Over the Regional Load Despatch Centres. 
  • Scheduling and dispatch of electricity over the inter-regional links in accordance with grid standards specified by the authority and grid code specified by Central Commission in coordination with Regional Load Despatch Centres.  
  • Coordination with Regional Load Despatch Centres for achieving maximum economy and efficiency in the operation of National Grid. 
  • Monitoring of operations and grid security of the National Grid.
  • Supervision and control over the inter-regional links as may be required for ensuring stability of the power system under its control. 
  • Coordination with Regional Power Committees for regional outage schedule in the national perspective to ensure optimal utilization of power resources. 
  • Coordination with Regional Load Despatch Centres for the energy accounting of inter-regional exchange of power. 
  • Coordination for restoration of synchronous operation of national grid with Regional Load Despatch Centres.
  • Coordination for trans-national exchange of power.
  • Providing Operational feedback for national grid planning to the Authority and Central Transmission Utility.
  • Levy and collection of such fee and charges from the generating companies or licensees involved in the power system,  as may be specified by the Central Commission.
  • Dissemination of information relating to operations of transmission system in accordance with directions or regulations issued by Central Government from time to  time.

Regional Load Despatch Centre

  • To ensure the integrated operation of the power system in their Region.
  • Monitoring of system parameters and system security.
  • Daily scheduling and operational planning.
  • Facilitating bilateral and inter-regional exchanges of power.
  • Analysis of tripping/disturbances and facilitating immediate remedial measures.
  • System studies,planning and contingency analysis.
  • Augmentation of telemetry, computing and communication facilities.
  • Computation of energy despatch and drawal values using SEMs.

State Load Despatch Centre

  • To ensure integrated operation of the power system.
  • To give directions and exercise supervision and control which is required for integrated operation to achieve maximum economy and efficiency in power system operation. 
  • Scheduling and Re-Scheduling of available resources for optimum and economic operation of the power system.
  • To coordinate shutdowns for the Generating Units and Sub-station equipment, including transmission lines taking into consideration continuity of supply.
  • System Restoration in a systematic manner in shortest possible duration, following Grid Disturbances. 
  • Accounting of Energy handled by the State System. 
  • Compiling & Furnishing data pertaining to Power System Operation.

State Transmission Utility

  • To undertake transmission of electricity through intra-State transmission system;
  • To discharge all functions of planning and co-ordination relating to intra-state transmission system with -
  1. Central Transmission Utility;
  2. State Governments;
  3. Generating companies;
  4. Regional Power Committees;
  5. Authority;
  6. Licensees;
  7. Any other person notified by the State Government in this behalf;
  • To ensure development of an efficient, co-ordinated and economical system of intra-State transmission lines for smooth flow of electricity from a generating station to the load centres;
  • To provid non-discriminatory open access to its transmission system for use by- 
  1. Any licensee or generating company on payment of the transmission charges ; or
  2. Any consumer as and when such open access is provided by the State Commission under sub-section (2) of section 42, on payment of the transmission charges and a surcharge thereon, as may be specified by the State Commission 
  • Provided that such surcharge shall be utilised for the purpose of meeting the requirement of current level cross-subsidy:
  • Provided further that such surcharge and cross subsidies shall be progressively reduced and eliminated in the manner as may be specified by the State Commission:
  • Provided also that such surcharge may be levied till such time the cross subsidies are not eliminated:
  • Provided also that the manner of payment and utilisation of the surcharge shall be specified by the State Commission.
  • Provided also that such surcharge shall not be leviable in case open access is provided to a person who has established a captive generating plant for carrying the electricity to the destination of his own use.

Source: CERC

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